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Recent Posts

How explainable artificial intelligence can help humans innovate

Understanding how artificial intelligence algorithms solve problems like the Rubik’s Cube makes AI more useful. Roland Frisch via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA Forest Agostinelli, University of South Carolina The field of artificial intelligence (AI) has created computers that can drive cars, synthesize chemical compounds, fold proteins and detect high-energy particles at a superhuman level. However, these AI algorithms cannot explain …

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Galaxies eject gas when they merge, preventing new stars forming – new research

Elliptical galaxies are filled with extremely old stars. Igor Chekalin/Shutterstock.com Annagrazia Puglisi, Durham University Most stars in the universe today are found in massive galaxies called ellipticals, named for their stretched-out-circle shape. Unlike our own galaxy, which is a spiral with arms extending out from the centre, the edges of elliptical galaxies are smooth. At first glance, these galaxies might …

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How mapping the weather 12,000 years ago can help predict future climate change

As the jet stream moves northwards, the UK can expect more storms and flooding in the winter. James McDowall/Shutterstock Brice Rea, University of Aberdeen The end of the last ice age, around 12,000 years ago, was characterised by a final cold phase called the Younger Dryas. Scandinavia was still mostly covered in ice, and across Europe the mountains had many …

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