TimeLine Layout

September, 2021

  • 15 September

    20 years of ‘forever’ wars have left a toll on US veterans returning to the question: ‘Did you kill?’

    Every soldier has a different story. Yuri Cortez/AFP via Getty Images Marian Eide, Texas A&M University Military service members returning from America’s “forever” wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have often faced deeply personal questions about their experience. As one veteran explained to me: “I’ve been asked, ‘Have you ever killed anyone in war? Are you messed up at all?’” “I …

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  • 15 September

    Por qué ya no es suficiente la inmunidad de rebaño del 70 % para frenar la pandemia

    Shutterstock / Melinda Nagy Salvador Peiró, Fisabio El concepto de inmunidad colectiva (o de rebaño, del término inglés herd immunity) se emplea para referirse a cosas diferentes. En general se utiliza para referirse a la protección indirecta frente a la infección que obtienen las personas susceptibles de una población cuando existe una proporción elevada de personas no susceptibles (inmunes a …

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  • 15 September

    Vaping: smokers who switch could be less likely to use cigarettes again

    shutterstock Markos Klonizakis, Sheffield Hallam University One of the most common New Year’s resolutions is to stop smoking. Quite rightly so, considering smoking is the biggest leading, preventable cause of death, worldwide. In fact, tobacco is the only legally-available product that kills up to one in every two users, when used as intended. There are a number of ways to …

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  • 14 September

    What schools teach about 9/11 and the war on terror

    A survey of U.S. history teachers found they teach about 9/11 primarily on the date of the anniversary. Ben Hasty/MediaNews Group/Reading Eagle via Getty Images Jeremy Stoddard, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Diana Hess, University of Wisconsin-Madison The phrase “Never Forget” is often associated with the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. But what does this phrase mean for U.S. students …

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  • 14 September

    Why you shouldn’t write off e-cigarettes, despite the headlines

    Leszek Glasner/Shutterstock Caitlin Notley, University of East Anglia Vaping has been getting something of a bad name of late. Countries worldwide are considering restrictions and bans. But, as a way to help smokers quit, e-cigarettes are an important tool that we shouldn’t dismiss. In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reported over a thousand cases …

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  • 14 September

    How will the COVID pandemic end?

    Paul Hunter, University of East Anglia After over 18 months of this pandemic, with the social distancing, mask wearing and on-off lockdowns, what we all want to know more than anything else is when it will all be over and how it will end. While nothing is certain, we have a lot of evidence on which to build some realistic …

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  • 13 September

    Here’s what happens when two very different respiratory viruses infect the same cell – new study

    Influenza virus particles. Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock Connor Bamford, Queen’s University Belfast Right now, there’s just one virus on everyone’s minds: SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. But humanity is plagued by many respiratory viruses, such as influenza A (IAV) and respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV), which cause hundreds of thousands of deaths every year. Most of these viruses – apart from influenza …

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  • 13 September

    Four factors that increase the risk of vaccinated people getting COVID

    Kazantseva Olga/Shutterstock Vassilios Vassiliou, University of East Anglia; Ciaran Grafton-Clarke, University of East Anglia, and Ranu Baral, University of East Anglia Two weeks after your second COVID-19 vaccine dose, the protective effects of vaccination will be at their highest. At this point, you’re fully vaccinated. If you still get COVID-19 after this point, you’ve suffered a “breakthrough” infection. Broadly speaking, …

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  • 13 September

    9/11 twenty years on: al-Qaida is defeated – but jihadism is here to stay

    Maurice Savage / Alamy Stock Photo Christina Hellmich, University of Reading Twenty years ago, the terrorist group al-Qaida carried out the deadliest attack on US soil the world had ever seen. Overnight, al-Qaida founder Osama bin Laden became the most notorious terrorist to date. Inspired by pan-Islamist ambitions and outraged by US foreign presence and intervention in the Middle East, …

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  • 12 September

    How someone becomes a torturer

    At the Amna Suraka museum in Iraq, exhibits show the torture that was carried out in the cells. Hélène Veilleux/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA Christopher Justin Einolf, Northern Illinois University Every day, thousands of people are tortured in police stations, security offices and prisons around the world. Human rights organizations protest torture and advocate for survivors, but neither they nor the public …

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