Tag Archives: Iraq

« Baasiste » ou « religieux », quelle est la vraie nature de l’État islamique en Irak ?

Myriam Benraad, Leiden University La problématique des rapports entre le baasisme et l’État islamique en Irak n’en finit pas de tarauder les esprits. Depuis 2014, deux principaux narratifs se font ainsi face : l’un dépeignant le groupe djihadiste comme une sorte d’incarnation néo-baasiste, l’autre réfutant au contraire toute influence du régime défunt de Saddam Hussein. Dans l’ensemble, ces approches ne sont …

Read More »

Yazidi genocide: landmark guilty verdict for IS jihadi could transform how atrocities are brought to justice

Chamu Kuppuswamy, University of Hertfordshire The genocide verdict brought recently by a German court against an Iraqi member of Islamic State for crimes including the murder of a five-year-old Yazidi girl is a landmark decision which will clear the way for similar prosecutions. That this verdict was even possible was thanks to a detailed (and remarkably speedy) report in 2016 …

Read More »

Is the Belarus migrant crisis a ‘new type of war’? A conflict expert explains

LEONID SCHEGLOV/ BELTA / HANDOUT / EPA Sascha-Dominik (Dov) Bachmann, University of Canberra For months, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko has been accused of using illegal migrants as a tool to punish the European Union for imposing sanctions on his regime. In July, Belarus loosened its restrictions on visas and increased flights on its state-run airline from the Middle East, allowing …

Read More »

Deaths from landmines are on the rise – and clearing them all will take decades

Sam Clarke, University of Sheffield Nearly quarter of a century after most of the world signed a convention outlawing the use of antipersonnel landmines, the number of people being killed or maimed by these insidious and lethal weapons remains high – and rising. The Landmine Monitor for 2021, released on November 10, reported 7,073 casualties in 2020, including 2,492 people …

Read More »

Belarus: border crisis with Poland loses sight of the people trapped in the middle

Nando Sigona, University of Birmingham Tensions at the border between Poland and Belarus continue to rise, with thousands of vulnerable migrants stranded in a standoff between the two countries and the geopolitical blocs to which they belong. About 4,000 men, women and children are caught along the border between the two countries, having been reportedly escorted to the border by …

Read More »

How the Arab Spring changed the Middle East and North Africa forever

Mohamed-Ali Adraoui, Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (FMSH) Ten years after people rose up against their leaders in country after country around the Middle East and North Africa, from Tunisia to Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain, what can we say about how society, politics and religion have changed in the region? To put it mildly, the social, cultural, religious, political …

Read More »

Why there is no Kurdish nation

Flag of Kurdistan on military uniform. Bumble Dee/Shutterstock.com John Broich, Case Western Reserve University Since U.S. troops left their region, roughly 180,000 Kurds of northeastern Syria have been displaced, and over 200 have been killed. Those Kurds, soldiers who’d battled the Islamic State and families, had hoped to secure a future Kurdistan state in areas now targeted by Turkish warplanes …

Read More »

What does the future hold for Middle Eastern states?

Popartic/Shutterstock Mohamad Moustafa Alabsi, Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (FMSH) From independence until the advent of the Arab Spring, Middle Eastern states have suffered due to their constituting principle, a notion that can be traced back to the motivations and arrangements of former colonial powers. Independence may have satisfied the demands of the region’s inhabitants for autonomy, Arabness and …

Read More »