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Tag Archives: Peacebuilding

Why living in a poor country means you have bad food choices

It’s not that people in poorer countries want to eat unhealthily – but cost is a huge factor. Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock.com/Editorial use only Derek Headey, The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Harold Alderman, The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Poor diets are the number one risk factor in the global burden of disease: they account for one in …

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Al-Shabaab’s attacks come amid backdrop of West’s waning interest

Kenyan military troops and US marines carry out a joint military exercise in Manda Bay near the coastal town of Lamu. EPA/Simon Maina Stig Jarle Hansen, Norwegian University of Life Sciences Two significant attacks have been carried out by al-Shabaab in recent weeks. On 6 January 2020, the Somali-based terrorist group attacked a Kenyan military base close to the former …

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Religion, race and nationality – what are our prejudices and how can we overcome them?

Finding common ground. Melitas/Shutterstock Julian Hargreaves, University of Cambridge What do you think of your neighbours? And what do they think of you? Concerns around increasing division and polarisation in the UK have persisted stubbornly since the EU referendum in 2016. We hear a lot from academics, politicians and journalists about a supposedly fractured nation. But how divided is Britain? …

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Can the UN address root causes of conflict? Arab Spring case study

The Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in North Africa. ymphotos/shutterstock

The Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in North Africa. ymphotos/shutterstock Tuba Turan, Altinbas University From 2010 to 2012, Arab states in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region experienced dramatic upheavals in what came to be known as the Arab Spring. These popular uprisings were triggered …

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Child marriage in North Africa: still a lot to be done

Morocco reformed its family law in 2004 to increase the legal age of marriage to 18. Shutterstock

Morocco reformed its family law in 2004 to increase the legal age of marriage to 18. Shutterstock Moha Ennaji, Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah This year about 12 million of the world’s children will be married before they turn 18. UNICEF figures suggest about 18% of them will be boys and about 82% girls. Child marriage is widespread across developing …

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Why, after one year, protests continue to rock Algeria

Algerian protesters wave the national flag during a demonstration in the capital Algiers. Photo by Ryad Kramdi/AFP via Getty Images

Algerian protesters wave the national flag during a demonstration in the capital Algiers. Photo by Ryad Kramdi/AFP via Getty Images Yahia H. Zoubir, Kedge Business School There have been weekly peaceful protests in Algeria for the past year. Early last year protests demanding political transformation, led to the removal by the military of veteran leader, Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Elections were held, …

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Why Western Sahara remains one of Africa’s most divisive political issues

A Sahrawi refugee carries a flag of the Democratic Arab Republic of Sahara. MOHAMED MESSARA/EPA

A Sahrawi refugee carries a flag of the Democratic Arab Republic of Sahara. MOHAMED MESSARA/EPA Frank Mattheis, University of Pretoria South Africa and Namibia hosted a “solidarity conference with Western Sahara”, convened by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) on 25 and 26 March 2019 in Pretoria. The summit opened with a call for unity in “ensuring the right to …

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Morocco and Western Sahara: a decades-long war of attrition

The flag of Western Sahara is displayed during a march outside the Moroccan embassy in Madrid, Spain. EPA-EFE/LUCA PIERGIOVANNI

The flag of Western Sahara is displayed during a march outside the Moroccan embassy in Madrid, Spain. EPA-EFE/LUCA PIERGIOVANNI Flora Pidoux, Université de Montréal It’s been more than 40 years since Morocco claimed sovereignty over Western Sahara, setting off a conflict that seems no closer to resolution. In 1975 Spain abandoned its colonies in North Africa, with the exception of …

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The AU’s peace and security architecture: filling the gaps

African leaders at the 33rd African Union Heads of State Summit at the headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in February 2020.

African leaders at the 33rd African Union Heads of State Summit at the headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in February 2020. Dominique Mystris, University of Pretoria Since its inception in 2002 the African Union has been under pressure to resolve the extensive peace and security challenges facing the continent. In particular, it’s tried to address the limitations faced by its …

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Why more needs to be done for democracy to work in Sudan

Sudan’s new prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok. He recently survived an assassination attempt. Wikimedia Commons

Sudan’s new prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok. He recently survived an assassination attempt. Wikimedia Commons Andrew Edward Yaw Tchie, King’s College London and Jihad Salih Mashamoun, University of Exeter Sudan is at a defining moment. The country’s history and legacy of military rule and conflict leaves it at risk of continued violence. As part of the transition deal after the ouster …

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