Tag Archives: PUBLIC HEALTH

A new data-driven model shows that wearing masks saves lives – and the earlier you start, the better

The computer model simulates how many COVID-19 cases could have been prevented in a particular county in the U.S. Leontura/DigitalVision Vectors via Getty Images Biplav Srivastava, University of South Carolina Dr. Biplav Srivastava, professor of computer science at the University of South Carolina, and his team have developed a data-driven tool that helps demonstrate the effect of wearing masks on …

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COVID-19 drug and vaccine patents are putting profit before people

The TRIPS waiver enables WTO member states to manufacture and distribute COVID-19 drugs and medical supplies that would normally be protected by patents. (Pixabay) Ronald Labonte, L’Université d’Ottawa/University of Ottawa and Mira Johri, Université de Montréal Since the birth of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, most member states have had to abide by the Agreement on Trade Related …

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Climate research is critical in Africa: how to make it more visible

Biometeorology is the study of the role of climate on plants, animals and humans. Getty Images

Biometeorology is the study of the role of climate on plants, animals and humans. Getty Images Jennifer Fitchett, University of the Witwatersrand Weather and climate have far-reaching effects on every part of life. The timing of seasons, range of daily and seasonal temperatures, the amount of rainfall – these all influence things as diverse as food production, disease prevalence and …

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COVID-19: examining theories for Africa’s low death rates

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Shutterstock Kevin Marsh, University of Oxford and Moses Alobo, African Academy of Sciences As the threat of a COVID-19 pandemic emerged earlier this year, many felt a sense of apprehension about what would happen when it reached Africa. Concerns over the combination of overstretched and underfunded health systems and the existing load of infectious and non-infectious diseases often led to …

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لماذا تؤدي إزالة الغابات إلى زيادة احتمالية تفشِّي الأوبئة؟

يُكثِّف الباحثون جهودهم من أجل الوقوف على طبيعة العلاقة بين التنوع البيولوجي، والأمراض الناشئة، والبحث في كيفية الاستفادة من تلك المعلومات في التنبُّؤ بتفشِّي الأوبئة المستقبلية، وسبل منْع تفشي الأوبئة. جيف توليفسون Nature (2020) doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02341-1 English article يقول الخبراء إنَّ الحدّ من إزالة الغابات (موضَّحة في الصورة، الملتقَطة من غابةٍ مدارية مطيرة بحوض الكونغو) يمكن أن يقلل من احتمال ظهور جوائح …

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مستقبَل جائحة فيروس كورونا الجديد

مستقبَل جائحة فيروس كورونا الجديد

يعكف الباحثون على وضع مجموعةٍ من السيناريوهات لتوقُّع المشهد في السنوات القليلة القادمة. ميجان سكوديلاري Nature (2020) doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02278-5 English article Credit: AFP/Getty تخيَّل أنَّك الآن في شهر يونيو من عام 2021، وأنَّ العالَم قضى عامًا ونصف العام يرزح تحت وطأة جائحة فيروس كورونا، وما زال الفيروس ينتشر بوتيرةٍ بطيئة، وأصبح المعتاد هو أن تُطبَّق تدابير الإغلاق من حينٍ إلى آخر. ومع …

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Video: Who should get a COVID-19 vaccine first?

Production limits mean that not everyone can get access to a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it’s developed.. GIPhotoStock/Cultura via Getty Images Nicole Hassoun, Binghamton University, State University of New York A committee of The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine is readying a report with recommendations for equitable distribution of a COVID-19 vaccine. In this Q&A, bioethicist Dr. …

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Sugar: six easy ways to encourage children to eat less

Tempted… Sharomka/Shutterstock

Tempted… Sharomka/Shutterstock Sophia Komninou, Swansea University A new campaign from Public Health England is urging parents to limit snacks for children to two a day, and 100 calories a piece. The aim is to reduce kids’ sugar consumption – according to PHE data, children eat on average 10kg of sugar every year, with about half of this coming from sugary …

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