Tag Archives: science

How an Iraqi translation project is helping to rebuild science in the Arab world

Topkapi Palace Museum

Topkapi Palace Museum Paul Braterman, University of Glasgow Translations can change the course of civilisations. Caliph al-Mansour’s translation project, begun in the eighth century and accelerated under his grandson Harun al-Rashid, made available in Arabic scholarly writings from Greek, Aramaic, Persian and Indian sources, and laid the foundation for the flowering of science and philosophy in the Islamic world during …

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Brain scientists haven’t been able to find major differences between women’s and men’s brains, despite over a century of searching

Are there innate differences between female and male brains? SebastianKaulitzki/Science Photo Library via Getty Images

Are there innate differences between female and male brains? SebastianKaulitzki/Science Photo Library via Getty Images Ari Berkowitz, University of Oklahoma People have searched for sex differences in human brains since at least the 19th century, when scientist Samuel George Morton poured seeds and lead shot into human skulls to measure their volumes. Gustave Le Bon found men’s brains are usually …

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KAUST Research: New research into 6G aims to bridge the digital divide

By the end of 2018, there were nearly 4 billion people without internet connectivity in the world. Almost 75 percent of the unconnected population is located in 20 countries and is concentrated in rural, low-income and low-literacy areas. Acknowledging its paramount importance, the United Nations now recognizes internet connectivity as an important and basic human need and includes “universal and …

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Herd immunity: why the figure is always a bit vague

Herd immunity

hobbit/Shutterstock Adam Kleczkowski, University of Strathclyde Nearly 100 years ago, two British researchers, William Topley and Graham Wilson, were experimenting with bacterial infections in mice. They noticed that individual survival depended on how many of the mice were vaccinated. So the role of the immunity of an individual needed to be distinguished from the immunity of the entire herd. Fast …

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Coronavirus: the antibody drugs few people have been discussing – until now

Julien Warnand/EPA

Lara Marks, University of Cambridge Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers have been working around the clock to find an effective treatment. The first drug to show promise is dexamethasone, a cheap, widely available steroid. A large clinical trial run by the University of Oxford showed that the drug cut the risk of death for COVID-19 patients on …

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Have you got what it takes to become an astronaut in the new era of human spaceflight?

Astronauts Bob and Dough made it to the International Space Station in a privately funded vehicle. NASA

Astronauts Bob and Dough made it to the International Space Station in a privately funded vehicle. NASA Adam Hawkey, Solent University Millions of people watched breathlessly as astronauts for the first time successfully travelled to the International Space Station (ISS) in a privately funded spacecraft, SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket and Crew Dragon capsule, on May 30. The historic launch, which …

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Scientists around the world are already fighting the next pandemic

Riccardo Mayer/Shutterstock.com

Riccardo Mayer/Shutterstock.com David W Graham, Newcastle University and Peter Collignon, Australian National University If a two-year-old child living in poverty in India or Bangladesh gets sick with a common bacterial infection, there is more than a 50% chance an antibiotic treatment will fail. Somehow the child has acquired an antibiotic resistant infection – even to drugs to which they may …

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